Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. A bustling metropolis of 17 million people. It is the 2nd largest city in Western Asia, 3rd largest in the Middle East and It is ranked 29th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.

Tehran was first chosen as the capital of Iran by Agha Mohammad Khan of the Qajar dynasty in 1796, in order to remain within close reach of Iran's territories in the Caucasus, before being separated from Iran as a result of the Russo-Persian Wars, the capital has been moved several times throughout the history and Tehran is the 32nd national capital of Iran.

Tehran is Iran's administrative, economic, cultural center as well as the major industrial and transportation center of the region. The city sits on the slopes of the Alborz Mountains at an elevation of about 12 10 m. on the northwestern fringes of the Dashte-e Kavir, a desert in central Iran. Most commercial and government buildings are located in the center of the city.

Tehran is served by the Mehrabad and Imam Khomeini international airports, a central railway station, the rapid transit rail system of the Tehran Metro, as well as a buses and a BRT system and has a huge network of highways.

Golestan Palace

golestan palace

During the reign of the Safavid Shah Abbas 1, a vast garden called Chahar Bagh, a governmental residence and a Chenarestan were created on the present site of the Golestan Palace and its surroundings. Then, Karim Khan Zand (1749 - 1779 A.D.) ordered the construction of a citadel, a rampart and a number of towers in the same area. In the Qajar period, some royal buildings were gradually erected within the citadel; for instance, in 1813 which coincided with the fifth year of the reign of Fath Ali Shah, the eastern part of the royal garden was extended and some other palaces were built around the garden called the Golestan Garden registered in UNESCO World Heritage Lists.

The Golestan Palace is a masterpiece of the Qajar era, embodying the successful integration of earlier Persian crafts and architecture with Western influences. The walled Palace, one of the oldest groups of buildings in Teheran, became the seat of government of the Qajar family, which came into power in 1779 and made Teheran the capital of the country. Built around a garden featuring pools as well as planted areas, the Palace’s most characteristic features and rich ornaments date from the 19th century. It became a center of Qajari arts and architecture of which it is an outstanding example and has remained a source of inspiration for Iranian artists and architects to this day. It represents a new style incorporating traditional Persian arts, crafts, elements of 18th century architecture and technology.

Mount Damavand

Mount Damavand, the highest mountain in Iran, has for centuries attracted mountaineers, nomads and legends to its snow-covered slopes. The epic hero Fereidun wrestled and defeated the evil giant Zahakis, chaining him to a cave on the mountain peak. Villagers living near the base of the volcano still remark that Zahakis is straining to be free at the first signs of smoke or rumblings often heard deep within the mountain. On a clear day, the 18, 600-foot cone is visible from Tehran, fifty miles away.

National Museum of Iran

National Museum of Iran, 30 Tir Ave, Emam Khomeini Ave., Contains some of the most precious and significant artefacts from ancient Persia (dating back to 5000BC) and post-Islamic Persia (800AD). The must see are the Salt Man, a prince who was naturally mummified in a salt mine for 2000 years. His clothes and jewels are still intact. Furthermore, there are statues of Parthian kings and there are many examples of Persian columns and structures. The building itself is a masterpiece from 1930s Iran.

Sa’d Abad Museum Complex

sad abad

Saadabad Palace is a palace built by the Pahlavi dynasty of Iran in the Shemiran area of Tehran. The complex was first inhabited by Qajar monarchs and royal family in the 19th century.  

After the Iranian Revolution in 1979 the complex became a museum. However, the current presidential palace is located adjacent to the Sa'd Abad compound.

Sad Abad has many palaces, which some of these palaces had changed to museums.
Nation Palace: Shah Reza summer villa.
Nation Arts Museum (or Africa Museum): Situated in Nation Museum, where Chinese, Indian's and African's Dedications to Shah, is protected.
Green Museum: Shah Reza Summer Palace.
Anthropology Search Museum: Any kind of Iranian customs, related to culture and civilization of ancient Iran are showed
Military Museum: Equipment and Weapons from Achamenian period to now
Mir Emad Museum: Calligraphy Masterpieces of Mir Emad and his period other calligraphists
Fine Art Museum: 18th & 19th century European Paintings
Water Museum: Keeping, restoring and revenue operation of water in Iran

Nation Palace

In two stories, different small, large rooms were served as residence, office of Reza Shah Pahlavi and his son. Rooms were used as sitting room, waiting room, reception hall, dining hall and bedroom. There are some works of art like figurines and chinaware are kept in showcases. Furniture, chandeliers and paintings are European made. There are four big mural painting the subjects of which are Iranian myths.

Nations museum: This collection consists of various works of art purchased from other countries and represents the civilizations of pre-Islam Iranian, African, Indian, far east, Eskimos, Mayas and contemporary arts of Iranian as well as non-Iranian artists.

Shams-ol Emareh Palace , (19th century) , Tehran

Shams-ol Emareh Palacei s one of the monuments of Golestan Palace, Tehran which belongs to Qajar era and the most prominent monuments and notable buildings east side of Golestan Palace. It’s well known because of its structure, design and height

Positive Points:

- In a very live and nostalgic place in Tehran City. (Downtown)
- Shams-ol emare was the top (highest) building in Tehran at its time of construction
- Very Attractive things in the Museum such as gifts to kings of Iran,...
- Good and affordable entrance fee
- Traditional windows of Iranian houses
- Very easy to access to this place by Subway/Metro (15th Khordad Station)
- Near Old Market in Tehran


Tehran has a wide range of shopping centers from traditional bazaars to modern shopping malls. The Grand Bazaar of Tehran and the Bazaar of Tajrish are the biggest old bazaars in Tehran. Shopping districts such as Valiasr, Shariati, and Mirdamad have a wide range of different shops. A few of the well-known malls across the city include kourosh complex, Tiraje and Hyperstar and smaller shopping centers such as Tandis, Golestan, Palladium Mall and Safavie.

Most of the international branded stores and high class shops are located in the northern and western parts of the city, while the rest of the shopping centers are located across the city.

Tehran Azadi square

The Azadi Tower has been the longstanding symbol of Tehran. It was constructed to commemorate the 2,500th anniversary of the Persian Empire, and was originally named "Shahyad Tower"; after the Iranian revolution, its name changed to "Azadi Tower," meaning "Freedom Tower." The recently constructed Milad Tower may eventually replace the Azadi Tower as Tehran's new symbol.

Tehran’s Ski Resorts

Iran has two big ski resorts; Shemshak and Dizin. Both resorts are within 2 hours drive from the capital, Tehran. There are a total of 20 resorts in Iran, although most of them will have little more than a couple of tows. The season is from the beginning of December to the end of March. There are reliable guides usually trained in Austria or Switzerland as well as mountain rescue teams. Most of the time the weather is good to enjoy skiing. There are a variety of lifts in these resorts ranging from gondolas and chairlifts to button lifts.

Milad Tower


Milad Tower also known as the Tehran Tower is a multi-purpose tower in Tehran. It is the sixth tallest tower and the 17th tallest freestanding structure in the world.

It is located in central part of city, standing at 435 m (1,427 ft) from base to the tip of the antenna. The head consists of a large pod with 12 floors, the roof of which is at 315 m (1,033 ft).

The tower is a part of a complex called International Trade and Convention Center of Tehran. The complex also includes a five-star hotel, a convention center, a world trade center and an IT park.

Treasury of the National Jewels Museum

The National Jewelry Treasury is housed within the Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran, at the heart of the City of Tehran. Here is the most dazzling collection of gemstones and jewelry known in the world. The Crown Jewels of Iran have been little more than a legend in the past. Now the most spectacular objects have been placed on public display and form one of the country’s principal tourist attractions.


It can be generally described as mild in the spring and autumn, hot and dry in the summer and cold in the winter. As a large city with significant differences in elevation among various districts, the weather is often cooler in the hilly north as compared to the flat southern part of Tehran. The hottest month is July (min 26°C to max 40°C) and the coldest is January (min−10°C to Max 8°C).

written by AH.Younesi